Government of India vide Gazette notification dated 29 January 1998 constituted an authority known as the Environment Pollution (Prevention and Control) Authority,under the Chairmanship of Shri Bhure Lal, for the National Capital Region (NCR) for effective pollution management.
In a writ petition between M.C.Mehta Vs. Union of India & others, Supreme Court of India, on the recommendations of the Environment Pollution (Prevention & Control) Authority through its Action Taken Report filed in the Court, directed the Union of India on 28 July 1998 to set up two independent Fuel Testing Laboratories for checking quality of fuels marketed by PSU Oil Marketing Companies through retail outlets in the National Capital Region with a view to prevent and control vehicular pollution and safeguard public health.Consequent upon the aforesaid directive of Hon’ble Supreme Court of India, Ministry of Petroleum and Natural Gas (MoP&NG) which administratively controls Oil & Gas Sector in India, engaged Indian Oil Corporation Limited (R&D Centre),Faridabad to set up a Fuel Testing Laboratory at Noida in compliance with the target date fixed by the Court. IOCL R&D Centre set up in record short time the modern Fuel Testing Laboratory at Noida with state-of-the-art testing equipments and other lab-facilities. Subsequently the independent Fuel Testing Laboratory (FTL) was registered in the name of Society For Petroleum Laboratory (SFPL) in March 2000 under the Societies Registration Act of 1860 and started its normal operation by testing quality of fuels (viz. petrol,diesel & kerosene oil) independently since the year 2000. The Fuel Testing Laboratory was inaugurated by the then Union Petroleum Minister Shri Ram Naik on 6th June, 2000.
In keeping with the directives from MoP&NG, the operation and management of Fuel Testing Laboratory is outsourced by SFPL to Indian Institute of Petroleum (IIP), one of the premier constituent institutes of CSIR, Govt. of India. The Fuel Testing Laboratory (FTL) conducts tests on fuel samples, viz. petrol, diesel & kerosene oil against the prevailing Bureau of Indian Standards (BIS) specifications for notified areas of National Capital Territory of Delhi (NCTD) and National Capital Region (NCR).The samples are drawn and submitted to FTL Noida by Government Enforcement Agencies and PSU Oil Marketing Companies from NCTD/ NCR regions The basic objective of setting up of this laboratory at Noida is to monitor the quality of transportation fuels independently, which acts as a deterrent to malpractices of fuel adulteration and/or prevention of selling substandard quality fuels to the consumers/users of vehicles, which would otherwise result in excessive harmful vehicular exhaust emissions of carbon monoxide, particulates matter, unburnt hydrocarbons etc. into the atmosphere, thus impacting the environment adversely and becoming a source of health hazard.
The basic objectives of Society For Petroleum Laboratory are:
- To test independently quality of petroleum fuels, viz, petrol, diesel and kerosene oil against the prevailing Bureau of Indian Standards (BIS) Specifications and/or as may be prescribed or notified from time to time by the Central Government in compliance with Hon’ble Supreme Court of India directives and/or Environment Regulatory Agencies of Govt. of India.
- To prepare, compile and formulate comprehensive test reports of petroleum fuel products based on the actual analytical data generated in the Fuel Testing Laboratory and authenticate the same.
- To provide technical and expert advice regarding the quality of the petroleum fuels tested and also give observation or recommendation, if any, required or sought.
- To assist in maintaining a clean environment by monitoring/ preventing and control on sale of below-quality fuels in market place.
- To provide a forum for exchange, use and share knowledge, expertise and experience among the common users/consumers and the product operators and the associated agencies/stake holders through arranging seminars/ workshops/ education programmes and publicizing the laboratory function as deterrent to malpractices of fuel adulteration in the market place as part of the societal obligations.
Governing Council (GC) of SFPL
The functions and activities of Society For Petroleum Laboratory (SFPL) are managed by a Governing Council (GC) constituted by the Government. The President of SFPL is the Chairman of Governing Council and GC has at present 11 members including the Chairman.The Governing Council makes policy matters and takes financial decisions of the Society and the Laboratory.
The Executive Director and the Secretary of SFPL perform under the broad direction and overall guidance of the Governing Council.
The Fuel Testing Laboratory (FTL) is operated and managed by Indian Institute of Petroleum (IIP) under a long- term Memorandum of Understanding between SFPL and IIP. Funding to the Society for meeting annual expences for operation & management of Fuel Testing Laboratory is granted by the Ministry of Petroleum & Natural Gas from the budget of the Central Government.
IOCL R&D Centre provides non-scientific institutional support to SFPL in smooth conduct of the FTL functions. The Governing Council meets at regular intervals to review functions and performance of the Society and Fuel Testing Laboratory.